Introduction and nutritional value of Adzuki Bean
Basic introduction of Adzuki Bean
Adzuki bean, also known as rice adzuki bean, is the seed of dicotyledonous plant Leguminosae or adzuki bean. Annual erect herb, widely cultivated all over the country. In autumn, when the pod is mature but not cracked, the whole plant is picked up, dried in the sun, and the seeds are laid. Dry seeds are cylindrical and slightly flat, 5-7 mm long and 3 mm in diameter. The seed coat is reddish brown or purplish brown, smooth and slightly glossy. The hilum is linear and white, about 2 / 3 of the whole length. The middle part is concave into a longitudinal groove, leaning towards one end, and there is an inconspicuous ridge on the back. The seed coat is hard and not easy to be broken. It has a slight smell of beans. Dry body, full grain, red color and dark hair are preferred.
It should be specially pointed out that, in addition to adzuki beans, red adzuki beans, rice beans and other alias, also known as red beans. In appearance, the color of adzuki bean and adzuki bean are close to each other and easily confused. Adzuki bean is slender and its particle size is smaller than that of adzuki bean; the red bean is cylindrical with dark brown red surface. In boiling, red beans are more difficult to boil, generally suitable for soup; red beans will be sticky after a long time of cooking, which is generally suitable for porridge; in terms of curative effect, adzuki bean has stronger dehumidification effect and is mainly used for medicinal conditioning, while adzuki bean is mainly used for food.
Nutritional value of Adzuki Bean
It contains protein, fat, sugar, phosphorus, calcium, iron, vitamin B1, B2, nicotinic acid, saponins and other ingredients.
Effect and function of Adzuki Bean
The taste is sweet and sour. Diuretic dehumidification, and blood discharge pus, detumescence and detoxification. Treatment of edema, beriberi, jaundice, diarrhea, bloody stool, carbuncle swelling.
1. Prevent constipation
Adzuki Bean contains a large amount of fiber for the treatment of constipation, moistening the intestines, defecating, lowering blood pressure, lowering blood fat, regulating blood sugar, detoxifying and anticancer, preventing calculus, and reducing weight.
2. Eliminate edema
Adzuki beans can also be used for the treatment of cardiac and renal edema, cirrhosis ascites, beriberi edema and external use of sores and toxins, have a certain effect. Red bean soup can be used to treat kidney, heart, liver, malnutrition, inflammation and other causes of edema.
3. Invigorating spleen and stomach
Red bean porridge to eat, there is a spleen and stomach, diuretic effect. All patients with spleen deficiency, ascites fullness, adverse urination, jaundice and diarrhea can be eaten.
4. Enhance the immune function of the body
Red bean contains considerable protein and microelements, which is conducive to enhance the immune function of the body and improve the disease resistance.
Red bean is rich in folic acid food, puerpera, lactating mother to eat red beans have the effect of lactation.